Cleveland, Ohio is the county seat of Cuyahoga County, the most populous county in the state. The municipality is located in northeastern Ohio on the southern shore of Lake Erie, approximately 60 miles west of the Pennsylvania border. It was founded in 1796 near the mouth of the Cuyahoga River, and became a manufacturing center owing to its location at the head of numerous canals and railroad lines. With the decline of heavy manufacturing, Cleveland's businesses have diversified into the service economy, including the financial services, insurance, legal, and healthcare sectors.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 82.4 square miles, of which, 77.6 square miles is land and 4.8 square miles is water. The shore of Lake Erie is 569 feet above sea level; however, the city lies on a series of irregular bluffs lying roughly parallel to the lake. In Cleveland these bluffs are cut principally by the Cuyahoga River, Big Creek, and Euclid Creek. The land rises quickly from the lakeshore. Public Square, less than a mile inland, sits at an elevation of 650 feet, and Hopkins Airport, only five miles inland from the lake, is at an elevation of 791 feet.
As of the 2000 Census, there were 478,403 people, 190,638 households, and 111,904 families residing in Cleveland. The population density was 6,166.5 people per square mile. There were 215,856 housing units at an average density of 2,782.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 50.99% African American, 41.49% White, 7.26% Hispanic or Latino, 1.35% Asian, 0.30% Native American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.59% from other races, and 2.24% from two or more races. Ethnic groups include Slovenes (10%), Germans (9.2%), Irish (8.2% ), Poles (4.8%), Italians (4.6%), and English (2.8%). There are also substantial communities of Hungarians, Arabs, Romanians, Czechs, Slovaks, Greeks, Ukrainians, Albanians, Macedonians, Croats, Serbs, Lithuanians, Slovenes, Koreans, and Han Chinese.
In 2000, 29.9% of households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.5% were married couples living together, 24.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.3% were nonfamilies. 35.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.19. The population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.
(The above was adapted from information available on Wikipedia. More information is available at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cleveland_Ohio)
For more detailed statistical information on Northeast Ohio, the City of Cleveland, and the City’s neighborhoods, you may also visit the following resources: